Pragati Legislature Party

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Pragati Legislature Party
Merged intoBharatiya Lok Dal

The Pragati Legislature Party(Also called Pragati Dal) was a political grouping in the Legislative Assembly of the Indian state Orissa. PLP was formed in 1973 by the Utkal Congress, Swatantra Party and others. The PLP leader Biju Patnaik, was elected as the Leader of the Opposition of the Assembly on February 9, 1973. His tenure as Leader of Opposition lasted until March 3 the same year. On that date President's Rule was introduced in the state.[1]

PLP and its member organizations later merged into Bharatiya Lok Dal in the end of 1974.[2][3]


Politics in early 70's Orissa was very fluid. The election of 1971 threw a hung assembly. A coalition government was formed by Utkala Congress, Swatantra Party, Jharkhand Party and others. This government under leadership of Bishwanath Das lasted about a year. There were defections and it lost majority. A Congress government headed by Nandini Satpathy came into power by inducting the defectors from Utkal Congress. However the Satpathy government lost majority in six months when the ex-Utkal Congress Members decided to revive Utkal Congress. Satpathy Decided to call an election. On the eve of election Swatantra Party, Utkal Congress and Swadhin Congress decided to form Pragati Legislature Party. PLP staked claim to form government, but the Governor B.D Jatti dissolved the assembly and called for election.[4][5]


PLP was not a political party in a conventional sense. Its different constituents fought elections under different symbols and campaigned under different flags. It was led by 3 stalwarts of Orissa politics, Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo , Biju Patnaik, and Harekrushna Mahatab.[6]

Electoral Performance[edit]

PLP won 56 seats in the 1974 mid-term elections. Biju Patnaik was elected as leader of opposition.[7][8]


  1. ^ Sethy, R.K. (2003). Political Crisis and President's Rule in an Indian State. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 214. ISBN 978-81-7648-463-3. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  2. ^ Patnaik, B.K. (1985). The Politics of Floor-crossing in Orissa. Santosh Publications. p. 183. Retrieved 2020-07-16. Swatantra, Utkal Congress and S.P.I. merged into Bharatiya Lok Dal.
  3. ^ Asthana, P. (1988). Party System in India: Development Or Decay. Criterian Publications. p. 154. Retrieved 2020-07-16. When the Pragati Legislature Party was formed, the Utkal Congress became a constituent unit of it. In a meeting, on 17th August, 1974, the founder President of the UC party announced the decision of the party to merge with the B.L.D.
  4. ^ Mahesh, A.R.C.B. (2005). Constitutional Development & National Movement in India. S. Chand & Company. p. 519. ISBN 978-81-219-0565-7. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  5. ^ Patnaik, B.K. (1985). The Politics of Floor-crossing in Orissa. Santosh Publications. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  6. ^ Grover, V. (1997). Political Parties and Party System. Political Parties and Party System. Deep & Deep Publications. p. 606. ISBN 978-81-7100-878-0. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  7. ^ Padhi, A.P. (1985). Indian State Politics: A Case Study of Orissa. B.R. Publishing Corporation. p. 47. Retrieved 2020-07-16. Whereas the Pragati combine managed to get 56 seats with 38.5% votes
  8. ^ Orissa (India). Public Relations Dept; Orissa (India). Home Dept (1987). Orissa Review. Home Department, Government of Orissa. p. 33. Retrieved 2020-07-16. Shri Biju Patnaik , Leader of Pragati Legislature Party became the Leader of the Opposition