James Allison Glen

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The Hon.
James Allison Glen
20th Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada
In office
May 16, 1940 – September 5, 1945
MonarchGeorge VI
Governor GeneralThe Earl of Athlone
Prime MinisterWilliam Lyon Mackenzie King
Preceded byPierre-François Casgrain
Succeeded byGaspard Fauteux
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Marquette
In office
Preceded byHenry Mullins
Succeeded byHenry Mullins
In office
Preceded byHenry Mullins
Succeeded byStuart Garson
Personal details
Born(1877-12-18)December 18, 1877
Renton, Scotland
DiedJune 28, 1950(1950-06-28) (aged 72)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Political partyLiberal Progressive (1926–1945)
Liberal Party of Canada (1945–1948)
CabinetMinister of Mines and Resources (1945–1948)
PortfolioSpeaker of the House of Commons (1940–1945)

James Allison Glen, PC (December 18, 1877 – June 28, 1950) was a Canadian parliamentarian and Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada from 1940 to 1945.

Early life[edit]

Born in Renton, Scotland, Glen graduated in law from the University of Glasgow before immigrating to Canada in 1911 where he settled in Winnipeg. He later moved to Russell, Manitoba, where he practised law and was elected to the school board.


A supporter of the Progressive Party in Manitoba, Glen had been the chief organizer for party leader Thomas Crerar in the 1917 federal election when Crerar was a Liberal-Unionist candidate, and the 1921 election in which the Progressives made their debut.

Glen was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 1926 election as a Liberal-Progressive at a time when Manitoba Progressives, including the Manitoba Progressive Party provincial government, had decided to align with the Liberals in order to increase their influence. He lost his seat in the 1930 election, but re-elected to Parliament in the federal election of 1935.

Glen was chosen as Speaker of the House following the 1940 election, and had to deal with issues of wartime security such as censoring Hansard in order to remove sensitive military information. Due to the international situation and wartime mobilization, there was a greater degree of interparty cooperation during the war which assisted Glen in his role as Speaker.

Glen remained a Liberal-Progressive in name until the 1945 election when he ran as a Liberal—immediately prior to the 1945 election, Mackenzie King appointed Glen to the Canadian Cabinet as Minister of Mines and Resources. In practice, however, he and his fellow Liberal-Progressives were Liberals in every respect.

Glen remained Minister of Mines and Resources until he retired from Cabinet following a heart attack in 1948. A few months later Glen resigned from the House of Commons in order to provide a seat for Stuart Garson, the Premier of Manitoba who had been enticed to join the federal Cabinet as Minister of Justice. Glen was appointed Canadian Co-Chairman of the International Joint Commission. He died two years later.